Fuselage is that main body of the airplane that is a housing to cargo, passengers and the crew. It is better illustrated in picture in parts of an aeroplane. its generally found in the front part of the plane.
TYPES OF FUSELAGE
- Truss or framework type – used for light non pressurized airplane and has stressed skin. Consists of steel tubes connected together in triangular shapes for rigidity and structurally sound method to carry heavy loads.
- Monocoque – rarely used in airplanes (has sandwich type skin). monocoque is a French word meaning single shell. It is made from a combination of internal formers which are light weight and don’t have openings
- Semi monocoque – used on most airplane due to its strength as compared to other truss or monocoque aeroplane. The formers and stringers come together to form a rigid structure with the skin adding compactness.
empennage – This is the rear part of the airplane that hosts the vertical and horizontal stabilizer. its main purpose is to stabilize the airplane. This is where the cockpit voice recorder (CVR) and flight data Recorder (FDR) are found. elevators are hinged to the horizontal stabilizer and rudder to the vertical stabilizer. Combination of all these make the empennage.
TYPES OF EMPENNAGE
- conventional tail – its the the most commonly used tail in aircraft. it consists of a vertical stabilizer laid at 90 degree angle at the middle of the horizontal stabilizer which is below it
- T-tail – This is a tail in aircraft that is comprised of a t looking tail in which a vertical stabilizer is set upward at a 90 degree angle in the middle where it meets the horizontal stabilizer.
- h-tail – This is where by an aircraft has a h shaped tail also known as tripple tail. Consists of three horizontal stabilizers laid perpendicularly and one horizontal stabilizer.
- V-tail – This is where the aircraft has a tail that resembles a v at the empennage. Two vertical stabilizers meet together in a v form at horizontal stabilizer.
- Inverted y – tail – it resembles a conventional tail at the vertical stabilizer but it has drooping horizontal stabilizers forming an inverted y.
- Inverted v- tail – Resembles an inverted v at the back
- twin tail – has two vertical stabilizers set at a 90 degree angle at the middle of a single horizontal stabilizer.
- dual tail – has two vertical stabilizers laid at a 90 degree angle and the end of each size of the horizontal stabilizer.
- cruciform tail – has a horizontal stabilizer set 90 degrees in the middle of a vertical stabilizer
- boom tail – it consists of one large horizontal stabilizer connecting two vertical stabilizers pulled from the front.
- high boom tail – just like boom tail but in this case its directed upwards.