Mechanical Engineering is a broad and noble discipline but in order to grasp it we need to get to the roots i.e the very basics. To do that we need to name parts of a car.
We will start with external car parts:-
The car anatomy is very interesting. every aspect of the car is engineered not only for aesthetics but for specific purpose hence well discuss each part one by one.
- roof – used to prevent rain from entering the vehicle. In some cars there are convertible roofs that pop up when needed.
- door post – used to hold the door in place and allow for streamline of the vehicle since its diagonal.
- roof post – used to support the roof of the car.
- trunk – used to store and carry paraphernalia when on tour.
- door – used to allow entrance for the travelers. its also used to lock the vehicle and prevent burglars.
- tire – This is where rubber meets the road. used to roll the vehicle forward.
- side mirror – used to peek behind to oncoming traffic. enable the driver to maneuver on the road
- rims – are made of chrome vanadium or aluminum and are the gateway from the vehicle hub to the tire.
- fender – this is just a frame to the wheel well. it helps in structural integrity and aesthetics
- headlight – used as the torch of the vehicle. one is able to see even in the dark.
- number plate – is used to identify the car. The government and local authorities recognize ones ownership of the car via this number plate.
- Grill – located at the front and is perforated to allow access of air to the cars engine and also to cool the radiator.
- bonnet – This is like a door that allows access of the cars hood to components like engine e.t.c
- windscreen – allows the driver to view forward, prevents rain and wind from getting into the car.
- window – used to allow light and air into the car and increase aesthetics
- Rear window – used to allow the driver access view of the rear via rear view mirror
- door handle – used to open or close the door
- Exhaust pipe – used to channel exhaust gases which are the last part of a four stroke cycle being either diesel or petrol engine.
vehicle interior – This are the internal parts as found inside the car compartment.
- steering wheel – used to steer the car into the direction the driver wants.
- quarter window – is just a small window its usually closed but it opens in some cars
- tachometer – used to record r.p.m changes
- speedometer – used to record speed that the car is going in
- rear view mirror – used by the driver to view the cars behind via rear window
- sun shade – used by the driver to block the sun rays entering the vehicle.
- tweeter – is part of a speaker surround system to produce music
- air vent – used to allow air conditioning or heating i.e hvac to enter the vehicle.
- speaker – part of car surround system to produce music
- glove compartment – used to store paraphernalia in the car
- Dvd player – used to play dvd, cd, mp3. it is compatible with flash and memory cards as a source of entertainment. The gadget also has a camera behind the car that allows the driver to view reverse via cctv.
- gear selector/ stick shift – gear selector is used to select gear in automatics while stick shift in manual gearboxes.
- gas pedal – used to activate butterfly valve via wire in the engine to allow more fuel in the cylinders hence creating more speed. it can also be accessed by drive by wire where sensors are used instead of a wire
- brake pedal – used to pump in the brakes
- seat – used to allow seating in a car for the passengers comfort while driving
- window control – used to enable one to open or close windows.
This was just an introduction, knowing the basics now we will be able to progress into more complex mechanical engineering articles.