construction plant is a word meaning the machinery used in construction and civil engineering construction. This plant equipment include earth moving, construction and material moving equipment.
MATERIAL MOVING EQUIPMENT
crane – is a plant equipment with a wire rope, hoist and sheaves that can be used to transport, lift or lower materials. conveyors- used to move materials from one place to another. Fork lift – used to lift and transport materials mostly in sites or industries. hoists– This are used where no crane available. They are used for lifting and lowering load.
dumper/ dump truck – used in carrying bulk material often in building sites. There are bottom, side and rear dump truck.
Tipper/ tipper truck -this plant equipment has a rear door that opens from below and can be raised at the front to discharge load by gravitational pull.
T.B.M (tunnel boring machine) – used to excavate tunnels with circular cross section.
Concrete mixers – used to mix concrete i.e. cement water, aggregate, sand to required ratio
Compactors – plant machine used to reduce size or spaces in material by compaction. They include:-
smooth roller –
pneumatic tire roller
step foot roller –
Paver – used to lay asphalt on road ways.
loader -used to carry heavy loads in the front.
types of loaders :-
crawler loader – Backhoe – a.k.a rear actor or back actor. Has a loader in the front and an excavator in the back.
Bulldozer – is a crawler used to push large quantities of soil, sand or other material with a ripper in the back to loosen the material.
Trenchers/ditchers – used in digging trenches i.e. for pipes. They are mostly crawlers but can be wheeled.
Scrappers – are used to dig the ground via cutting edge in the rear which has a vertical hopper which when lowered cuts soil.
Graders – used to grade the soil to level surface
Wheeled loading shovels – has a bucket for loading material or scooping and digging.
Water truck – used to water the road surface for easier work ability.
Mechanical sweeper – There are used to sweep the road of dust and debris in construction process.
Spraying plastering machine – used to spray plaster onto walls
Excavator – used for excavation services
Stone crushers – used to make gravel and crushed stones.