The force of wind is technically what moves the sail ship.If u place sails across the path of the wind it pushes against them to create a force which in turn moves the vessel. its therefore imperative to know the patterns of wind if you plan to sail to a certain destination.
In order to figure out how sail ship or boats work its therefore deemed necessary to know its parts.
PARTS OF A SAIL SHIP
Hull – The hull should be strong and structurally sound to withstand the powerful force of the waves. its mainly the load bearing structure of the ship and all masts, jibs, structures & sail impose a dead load on it. people impose a live load.
Masts – Holds up sails and jibs. They are required to hence be strong and a little flexible because wind loads are impacted on them. they include fore mast at the front, main mast at the centre and mizzen at the back.
Sails – they propel the vessel forward hence are made of good material to avoid catastrophe. they are named after the masts that hold them i.e fore mast, main mast, flying jib, main sail fore sail e.t.c. Depending on the type of ship you see there are named after the masts even in big ship i.e fore sail, fore top sail, fore top gallant sail, fore loyal, fore stay sail fore moon sail respectively going up in the fore mast. main sail, main top sail, main top gallant sail,main top gallant stay sail, main royal, main sky sail, main moon sail respectively going up in main mast and finally . mizzen sail, mizzen top sail, mizzen top gallant sail, mizzen royal sail, mizzen sky sail and mizzen moon sail in mizzen mast. spanker or driver are the only sails at the back that are not named after a mast.
Center board – plays a part to counter the force of the sail from turning over the ship that would cause a sink. it has permanent or temporary fixtures that can be adjusted to suite the wind pressure.
rudder – Helps steer the ship towards required direction in relation to the wind. Some rudder comes with the tiller extension i.e extension that are added reaching near the mast which helps the sailor maintain control of the ship when near the sail.
Anchoring – used to stop the ship from movement. the hook is either thrown down sea to a dry surface or at the docks.
deck, gun ports are found in the top floor surface where people go control the ships sails or battle. The hold holds goods and people in compartments. the keel is the longitudinal structure along the center line at the bottom of a ships hull. Shrouds are rope, wire or chain links in a ship.Bulk head are dividing wall or barrier between compartments in a ship. bowsprit is a spar extending forward from a ship’s bow in which forestays are fastened. forecastle refers to the upper deck of a sailing ship forward of the foremast. figure head is a carvin set at the prow of a sailing ship. beak or fore peak the extreme forward lower compartment usually used for storage in a ship. jib boom used to hold jibs. stern is the back or aft most part of a ship
TYPES OF ANCIENT SAIL SHIP
argosy, balener, ballinger, barge, barque, barquentine, battleship, bargentina, bermuda rig, bilander, bireme, blockade runner, brig, brighton hog boat, budgerow, briza, caravel, carrack, catamaran, catboat, chebec, clipper, cog, collier, corvette, cutter, dhow, dinghy, dory, drakkar, drifter, dromon, dutch clipper, east indiaman, fifie, fire ship, fishing smack, fluyt, fly boat, fore & aft rig, frigate, full rigged ship, gaft rig, galera, galiote, galleass, galleon, galley, gallirat, gunter rig, hermaphrodite brig, herring bus,howker, hulk, humber keel, ice boat, ironcland, junk,ketch, knorr, launch, libertyu ship, liburnian, long ship,lorhca, lugger, man of war, mersey flat, nao, nave, norfolk wherry, packet, paddle steamer, pantsers chip, patache, penteconter, pinnacle, pinque, polacre, pontoon, pram, quadrireme, quinquereme, saettia, sampan, schooner, shallap, ship of the line, sloop, smack, snow, south coast lugger, tall ship, tartane, tern schooner, thames sailing barge, trawler, trimaran, tureme, turtle ship, wherry typical,wherry norfolk, wind jammer, xebec, yatch, yawl, yorkshire willyboy.