Aeronautical Engineering


Aircraft telecommunications & navigation Systems

Aircraft telecommunications systems literally involve satellite communication i.e satcom, UMTS i.e universal mobile telecommunication system, bluetooth & W-LAN and radio communications which replaced GSM i.e global system for mobile is no longer used . TDMA i.e Time-division multiple access and CDMA i.e Code Division Multiple Access may also be included. Navigation […]


Airport Signs 87

Just like lighting there are also many signs that aid pilots to maneuver there way along the airport. TYPES OF AIRPORT SIGNS Mandatory instruction sign – They have white inscription, a black outline and a red background.They show runway/runway intersections, taxiway/runway intersections, (I.L.S) i.e Instrument Landing System critical areas, military landing […]


Airport Lighting Systems 168

In an airport, especially at night there are so many lighting systems that allow it to operate as efficiently as possible, this include general lighting systems, runway lighting systems, approach lighting systems and last but not least taxiway lighting systems. in general lighting systems there is an airport beacon mounted […]


Wing layout in aircrafts 238

In any flying aircraft or drone a wing is the most crucial part of the plane since the aerofoil is responsible for the lift. In order to understand more on wing construction visit airplane wing & landing gear structure.That being said there are many types of wing layout: – Elliptical […]


Helicopter layouts 229

There are many types of helicopters, the helicopter layouts are different and consists of the following types :- classical layout  – it is also known as Sikorsky,this is the commonly used type and consists of a horizontally rotating main rotor and vertically rotating tail rotor.  Notar – it an abbreviation […]


Propellers & trimming 439

A propeller gives propulsive force from rotary motion of an engine  either directly or by gear reduction as shown in my jet engine article. Propellers are not only used in small aircraft they are also used in turboprops. FORCES ACTING ON A PROPELLER Centrifugal force – it is the force […]


Aircraft Pressurization 601

Pressurization is the process of increasing air pressure inside an aircraft specifically the cabin. This is done due to reduce trapped gas, decompression sickness & hypoxia which is a condition of insufficient oxygen. An aircraft flies in high altitudes because it consumes less fuel due to low turbulence, it also […]


Airplane Actuators 240

Actuators are used to convert the hydraulic pressure into mechanical movement. ACTUATORS Single acting Double acting unbalanced Double acting balanced Hydraulic gadgets hydraulic motor – is a form of of rotary actuator. Hydraulic fuses are located near anti-skid module on top of the wheel well. They block lines in vulnerable […]


Aircraft fuel systems 982

An aircraft fuel system is designed to make fuel available to the engine at all times. The fuel tanks and reserve tanks are located at the wings of the aircraft and one in the belly of the aircraft inside next to the wings below the seats called center tank. vent […]


types of Jet Engines 751

In order for a plane to fly it needs thrust, this is attained by the heart of the aircraft that is the gas turbine jet engine. a small plane can be powered by a normal gasoline or diesel 4 stroke engine as described in my engine article but a large […]